Rapport européen sur l'open access

A Study of the Open Access Market and Policy Environment

Rapport Rob Johnson - couverture (détail)
  1. “Towards a Competitive and Sustainable OA Market in Europe”
  2. 3 principaux obstacles à la transition vers l'open access

“Towards a Competitive and Sustainable OA Market in Europe”

"Europe has set a goal of making immediate open access to scientific publications the default by 2020. This study assesses the current state of the open access publishing market, and evaluates the range of policy options available to increase access and enhance competition and sustainability in the market."

Johnson, Rob, Fosci, Mattia, Chiarelli, Andrea, Pinfield, Stephen, & Jubb, Michael. (2017). Towards a Competitive and Sustainable OA Market in Europe - A Study of the Open Access Market and Policy Environment. https://zenodo.org/record/401029

3 principaux obstacles à la transition vers l'open access

"Rob Johnson, director of Research Consulting and the lead author of the report :

"We took the EU Council’s goal of achieving immediate open access as the default by 2020 as the starting point for our work. One unavoidable conclusion is that even getting close to this target will be very, very difficult. The proportion of immediate open access content has been growing by about 15% per annum, but it still only accounts for about 5% of the global market for academic journals. (...) Our report makes clear that we are going to need much more ambitious actions at a policy level if the EU’s goal of immediate OA by default is to be delivered."

"3 main barriers in the transition to Open Access (...):

  1. The first is a lack of incentives for authors and publishers to move to OA. Authors want to publish in high impact factor journals, because that’s how they reach their readers and because – very often – existing incentive structures make it difficult for them to do otherwise. At the same time, established publishers lack a commercial imperative to flip their business model to OA. Disruption from sources like Sci-Hub and growth in offsetting deals are starting to change things. For the moment, though, it doesn’t make much business sense for publishers to move to OA.
  2. The second type of roadblock is the absence of an effective market. The subscription market is dominated by a few large publishers, and it is difficult for new actors to acquire market share. We need to create more transparency around the deals concluded with publishers, because this offers the prospect of lower prices and a more level playing field for the new breed of OA publishers. At the same time, we need to be careful not to put all our eggs in one basket. Replacing subscription deals with offsetting deals could allow us to increase access quickly, but ties up publication budgets. We therefore need to support other approaches alongside this, including ‘born OA’ and APC-free journals.
  3. The final type of roadblock relates to infrastructure. This includes the technical infrastructure for OA publishing and archiving (improving institutional and national archives, supporting OA publishing platforms, creating machine-readable metadata). A subset of this is the monitoring infrastructure, which enables all actors to check progress and to enforce policy mandates. Finally, we need ways to increase the efficiency of open access at an operational level – making life easier for authors and support staff working in institutions, funders and publishers."

Source : Gwen Franck. Report: “Towards a Competitive and Sustainable OA Market in Europe”.